Report encloses quantitative and qualitative user needs based on existing surveys, literature data and new collected data. Also forecast of market potential is part of the deliverable as a result of market analysis and trends for L-category vehicles.

Report mainly focused on the comparative analysis of different architectures of tilting 4 wheelers carried out by means of simplified dynamic models.

Vehicle performance targets definition for vehicle demonstrators and representative duty cycle (including legislative and applicable driving cycles) for components definition and simulation are reported. The document will include a preliminary cost analysis and, where necessary, suggestion coming from manufacturer’s know-how.

Description of the preliminary vehicle layout and architecture base carried out by means of virtual and real simplified models and resulted from ergonomic virtual analysis and component packaging. Also HMI related ergonomics is enclosed.

Report on outcomes of T2.2. Detailed vehicle and components design in CAD environment to be used for T2.3 “Virtual Simulation and Analysis”.


 Results of simulation activities: multibody simulation of vehicle dynamics, FE/crash analysis focused on propulsion battery, CFD/thermal simulation of air cooling system, simulation/calculation of energy consumption. 

Update of vehicle and components CAD models on the basis of simulation results.

Report on definition of the powertrain parametric model and  performance and energy consumption prediction resulting from evaluation of different solutions.

Report on 3D CAD model of electric powertrain package design and study of powertrain installation on  the body vehicle.

Report on development and prototypes manufacturing of electric machine and control electronics, including design and simulation activities.

Cell market analysis report and decision of fastest developing cell type. Cost effective CAD model of the battery pack with easy to scale subassemblies.
Report about production costs analyses for mass scale evaluation. BMS HW and SW design and cost analyses report.

Report on high-level powertrain software verification and validation.

Results of testing of e-machine and inverter prototypes on the test bench (efficiency, performances and thermal flow).

In D4.1 is a System Design Specification and System Requirements document that describes electrical architecture of both demonstration vehicles (i.e. control system interfaces and communication architecture).

A report on a low fidelity vehicle model that can be simulated in real-time and be employed to design the vehicle dynamics and powertrain efficiency control algorithms (T4.3). The model will also be employed within (T4.4) to facilitate the efficient verification of the vehicle control algorithms using both software-in-the-loop and hardware-in-the-loop simulation tests (HILST).

Report on specification of executable software obtained by using automatic code generation methods. It is also described the integration of the control model, developed with industry standard tools (Matlab, Simulink, Stateflow), to the vehicle controller.
Control model will enclose regenerative braking, smart range management and stability control algorithms.

Reports on the verification of the vehicle dynamics and powertrain efficiency control software using both software-in-the-loop methods and hardware-in-the-loop-simulation test (HILST) techniques. The experiments will verify, in-real-time, the complete embedded control system that includes both the new control algorithms and the electronic control unit (ECU).

D5.1 will define the specifications of the innovative HMI functions that will address the user’s needs identified in WP1. The specification of the HMI will be based on: 1) the users’ needs and the corresponding requirements, 2) the specificity of electric vehicles-related issues defined in WP1, 3) the powertrain system defined in WP3, 4) the innovative active safety and energy efficiency strategies of the vehicles developed in WP4, 5) the compliance to the grid standards. The deliverable will take into consideration the following functions for the definition of the HMI specifications: 1) Smart range management, 2) Energy efficient and safe riding, 3) Vehicle efficiency maintenance.

By starting from the functions specified in T5.1, a scalable HMI architecture will be described in D5.2 in order to be implemented on the two prototype vehicles developed in WP2. The overall HMI architecture will include a dashboard, handlebar controls and additional input/output channels (i.e. voice instructions, HUD), and it will allow to exchange data through existing vehicle networks (i.e. CAN and K-line). The research conducted in T5.2 on the technical feasibility vs. cost will be also reported in the deliverable.

D5.3 is first version of HMI prototype develop by applying a model based design tool-chain that enables final porting into the target unit (ECU and display). This is the basis for final version to be delivered after usability tests planned in T5.4.


The content of the report is made of:

  • description of the methodology adopted to evaluate HMI impact in terms of improvement of the vehicle’s usability by the user.
  • results of PC-based tests aimed at addressing the compliance with the usability requirements, the efficiency and effectiveness and the user acceptance of the HMI.

Report will describe the final version of the HMI prototype, as well as the activities conducted to release it in order to be integrated in the demonstrators (as planned in WP6). In details, the deliverable will describe the preliminary usability test and the methodology employed to evaluate the HMI impact in terms of improvement of the vehicle’s comfort (usability, safety and compatibility with the ergonomic constraints). The deliverable will also report the analysis of the collected data and the result of the evaluation of the HMI prototype.

Vehicle demonstrator 1 (PIAGGIO) resulted from integration of outcomes of vehicle architecture design (WP2), powertrain package developed in WP3 and control system (WP4) as well as HMI prototype.

Vehicle demonstrator 2 (KTM) resulted from integration of outcomes of vehicle architecture design (WP2), powertrain package developed in WP3 and control system (WP4) as well as HMI prototype.

Report on results of test for validating performances of powertrain integrated in the complete vehicle demonstrators (D6.1 and D6.2 Deliverables). Validation will be carried out through chassis dynamometer and proving ground testing. Results will include data analysis and comparison with design targets and simulation results.

Results of vehicle range testing performed according to Motorbike European Regulations and Motorbike EPA Range. Results of energy efficiency validation in real life driving cycle (cycle to be defined) carried out through comparison with connected/disconnected regenerative braking system.

Results of comparative tests of tilting and brake system of both vehicle demonstrators with connected/disconnected Electronic Dynamic Control and Regenerative Braking Systems..

D6.6 will report the results of the activities conducted in T6.4 to evaluate the acceptability of the vehicle and HMI systems:

  • Acceptability surveys of SotA motorcycle vs acceptability of RESOLVE
  • Subjective vehicle driveability, specifically the vehicle powertrain performance and handling and stability assessment
  • Smart range assistant validation for HMI system acceptance and impact on ride on complete vehicle

D7.1 will define the Communication Plan as a living document, being constantly updated throughout the project. This communication plan will articulate communication targets, prioritise channels and plan the creation of re-usable content, and it will support the RESOLVE partners in their external communications. It will also include metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the communication activities by keeping track of objective measures.

Report encloses a preliminary Business Plan that will support the exploitation of results towards the wider EU Two-Wheelers industry. The exploitation plan will be based on an Initial Market Analysis.

The content of the report is:

-updated business plan based on actual market figures and achieved project results.
-exploitation of results done by protecting and/or licensing technical solutions resulted from project activities.
-dissemination and exploitation of developed models and scientific results in taught academic courses (i.e. mechanical and vehicle engineering).

TA detailed quality plan (QP) will be defined to assess and review the overall quality of the project. The purpose of the QP will be to describe the actions and measures that will be undertaken by the Consortium in order to ensure the quality of the project and its full conformance with its contractual requirements. The QP will also analyse possible critical issues and define appropriate recovery actions through a risk management strategy.